Breeding Russian Tortoises. In the UK the chances of “natural nesting” diminish considerably, due to the relatively inadequate strength of the sun. It is found from near sea level to around 3,500 feet in elevation. The mating season usually takes place during the wet season when plenty of food is available and circumstances are relatively easy to build a nest. This will also reveal the amount of eggs that are present, which is helpful to know in the case of any laying difficulties or if the tortoise decides to expel some eggs in an unplanned area and you need to go and find them! Within a month of fertilization, the female will begin to get restless and may begin to dig test holes. Developing hatchlings also stress very easily, so handing should be kept to a minimum. We wouldn’t expect chimpanzees to breed with gorillas, or hamsters to breed with mice, but it’s amazing how many people presume one species of tortoise should be able to successfully breed with another. Once the female is happy with a chosen site she will begin the long process of digging. The Radiated tortoise starts its mating rituals once it reaches half its adult size, approximately gained after 15-20 years. While it is crucial to hold a watchful eye on them, it is only normal for them to encounter conspecifics of the same sex several times in a season. Within their range they dig several burrows. Aggression can be a result of boredom, resulting in a need to release excess energy in a negative way. Females typically lay one clutch of 5-9 ping pong ball-sized eggs per year. The male then erects his penis (known as a hemi-penis). If the humidity is allowed to drop below 50% the egg contents would simply dry out. Booklet includes: the wind down, boxing your tortoise, waking up time. One single shot of oxytocin is usually enough to make the tortoise lay within a couple of hours or bringing her home. This can take a couple of years – all from one single mating. Sometimes she remains as protection, but she soon walks away and shows no further interest in the nest or the hatchlings. Typically, the male bobs his head at the female and nips at her front legs and the front edges of her shell. The mating process of Terrapene species is most curious; at one stage the males legs frequently become trapped in the posterior plastral hinge of the female - the process can also take several hours in contrast to the very rapid mating procedure of most terrestrial tortoises. Provide enriching toys and accessories in your tortoise’s enclosure. Hillsides offer an advantage over flat landscapes; they’re virtually flood proof, as too much water would cause the eggs being drowned. Most species’ immune systems aren’t capable of fighting alien pathogens from any other species. A large load of earth consisting of 40% sand and 60% top soil is then mixed together in the centre of the greenhouse and heaped to form a mound with a depth of at least 18 inches and an overall diameter stretching across several feet. Is there sufficient food and an interesting selection of food? Any open wounds should be treated immediately and the animals separated. Sexual dimorphism , promiscuity, long term sperm storage and elaborate courting rituals are factors that effect mate preference, sperm competition and cryptic female choice in genus Testudo . This will help the tortoise to expel her eggs. Wandering tortoises are “a daily occurrence this time of year,” said Katie Hoffman, owner of Tortoise Acres Rescue and Sanctuary in Anderson. Every tortoise has its own well-defined home range, containing several burrows. In cases where the tortoise has been kept on a calcium deficient diet, a five day course of calcium injections are recommended prior to the oxytocin shot. The eggs are then left untouched to be naturally incubated by the steady soil temperature, this being around 30°c. The risk of disease transmission and viral infections are immense. This should prepare competent tortoise owners that their charges are ready to lay. This is the cue for the male to mount her. Actual copulation is short lived, but may be repeated several times. If neither of these methods work, then artificial induction is the only other alternative. We encourage having only one tortoise per household, preferably a male. The time scale involved between placing your eggs in the incubator and seeing them hatch varies between differing species and the temperature they were incubated at. In fact many enthusiast level keepers had very variable results. If allowed to reach over 90% then the eggs would drown by absorbing too much water. Are there different tortoise species in the same enclosure? Usual is 6-10. This unfortunate situation can be avoided by provisions being made for captive nesting. However, the peak mating season is between January and May. She will dig downwards and outwards using long circular movements of her rear legs until a large bell shaped hole is achieved. Giant Tortoises on Santa Cruz migrate back to the highlands Galapagos sea lions begin to give birth, pups common. November: In addition to pregnancy related problems, injuries are also often inflicted on the female during courtship, between incompatible species. This should then be lighting moistened to give it some pliability. Ejaculation is followed shortly after, simultaneously accompanied by high pitched “squeaking” from the male. Eventually they straighten out to such a degree that they puncture a small hole in the egg shells with a bony protrusion which has developed on the end of their snouts, called an egg tooth. The type of aggressive behaviour demonstrated by these amorous males varies between differing species, from biting and head bobbing rituals of the Testudo Horsfieldii, to considerable and often wound inflicting biting and shell battering from Testudo Ibera. It is important to choose your breeding stock very carefully. This is somewhat dependant on the tortoise’s geographical location. A female tortoise is able to store sperm in her cloaca and fertilize her eggs for up to four years after mating. Females may lay more than one clutch of eggs in one breeding season. This can clearly be seen while they are hatchlings, until it eventually grows out. The male then moves around to her rear and mounts. Second to diet....this is the subject that seems to raise the most questions. Most owners tend to incubate their eggs at a steady 30°c as this is probably about the “safest”. The males will fight over the female when mating season comes around. The incubation period is about 90 to 120 days, depending upon the temperature in the nest. The months between September and November are the ideal mating season of Sulcata tortoises. If you keep multiple desert tortoises, separate the sexes and do not allow them to breed. This is the only time that one will ever hear vocalised sounds made by a tortoise (except for the occasional discontented “hiss”) Each individual species generates a sound which is unique to their own kind. Eggs are deposited between May and July. Eggs are usually laid from early May to mid-July. In certain other cases, female tortoises suddenly became very ill or died during gestation or attempted egg laying efforts. This male tortoise approached the female tortoise while swimming in the sea during the mating season. A wild tortoise may be 15-20 years old before it breeds, a well-fed pet, half that age. The less an egg is disturbed, the better its chances will be of making it to hatching. The number of years for a tortoise to reach this size depends upon how well it eats. The mating process begins with the male tortoise picking up on a female’s scent trail and following it until he ultimately reaches his target. For indoor tortoises, provide a 6- to 8-inch deep nest box after mating has occurred. Baby tortoises, when in the egg, are literally folded in half across their plastron and are virtually round in appearance. Elderly females should not be subjected to the strenuous efforts and stress involved with mating and egg laying, as this often leads to ill health. The more vegetation, the smaller the range. Incompatible mating rarely, if ever, produce fertile eggs. It is a long-lived tortoise and has a lifespan range from 50 to more than 150 years. Sexual maturity. If any doubt that the female is pregnant or not, we suggest taking the tortoise to a vet and getting an x-ray done. Find a box that the tortoise fits quite snugly into and fill it with at least 12 inches of the same sand and soil mix. Every tortoise is a turtle but all turtles are not tortoises… This is highly dependent on temperatures, daylight length, and location. Christmas Ordering Cut Off and Holiday Office Hours, We are now fully booked for tortoise deliveries in 2020. However, be careful when using this method as the tortoise could overheat or dehydrate if left in the box for prolonged periods. The male tortoises become aggressive in the mating season. Fluctuating temperatures of more than a few degrees can also lead to hatchling malformation or cause early deaths. Breeding and reproduction Restlessness – Including exaggerated exploratory behaviour. However, there is a fairly predictable tortoise mating season, and that’s what you need to pay attention to. This method will normally prompt laying within a couple of weeks. This also has the added effect of coating the sticky eggs with soil, lessening the breakage possibilities even further. Temperature and humidity digital probes can be bought and placed in the incubator for very accurate readings. There is, however, no set breeding season for the majority of tortoises in captivity and egg production can take place at any time of year. Since 1989, Perth Zoo has bred more than 900 Western Swamp Tortoises, of which over 741 have been released to boost their numbers in the wild (figures as at April 2018). The nest is often inside the burrow. They do however cause unlimited health risks, any eggs which happen to develop inside the female are very likely to be malformed, usually too large or misshapen to be safely express, this in turn can lead to peritonitis and death. Some eggs seemed to hatch with very little persuasion, while others inevitably went rotten, collapsed or exploded in the incubator. There are dozens of cases each year where normally stable, long-term, captive stock are all suddenly wiped out within days of each other, simply because their owner has recently introduced a “newcomer”. Mating System; polygynandrous (promiscuous) Hermann's tortoises begin mating immediately following hibernation, which ends in late February. Male tortoises when defending a territory from another male will resort to this courtship behaviour, even including mounting, but in this situation the ramming and biting is effectively used to dominate and ward off the offending male. It is believed that tortoises can lay fertile eggs up to four years after mating, although fertility reduces significantly after each season. Courtship techniques vary from species to species, but the common denominating factor between the entire Mediterranean groups is aggression. They are polygamous and mating with many partners. Mating occurs any time other than during hibernation. Furthermore, each year that an egg is retained, it receives an extra layer of calcium. Besides the stress to the tortoises from fighting and mating, there is no place to put the overabundance of unwanted pet desert tortoises. The nest box should be just big enough to allow the female inside and be … After fertilisation the tiny eggs are segregated into clutches of two to twelve, depending on the species, then one clutch at a time are allowed to grow to full size. r these tortoises occurs between September and November. These tortoises can grow as long as 83 centimeters in length and weigh around 231 pounds. If your tortoise digs several partial nest holes and does not lay eggs, the soil may be too hard or she may be egg-bound. Another important requirement is to only select younger tortoises for breeding purposes, as they tend to be more fertile. Firstly, any glass panels that could be in contact with a tortoise should be fenced off, preventing any unwanted accidents. Tortoises are loners that do just fine by themselves. The procedure continues until all of the eggs have been expelled. In general, the mating season starts around April and ends in June. Generally, there is no specific breeding month of these tortoises. After the mating sessions have taken place, females should be given access to higher than normal amounts of calcium to allow for proper egg formation and future hatchling well-being. Constant climbing, digging, rambling. If you have a male and a female, please separate them. Courtship and mating may occur any time that tortoises are not hibernating. One tortoise can look perfectly happy and healthy, yet be 100% deadly to another due to carrying pathogens which it is immune to itself, but others are not. Females store sperm and may lay fertile eggs for several years after separation from a male. This should continue until all the eggs have been laid. Size: How big/old do they need to be in order to mate? Gopher tortoises can live 40 to 60 years in the wild, though captive tortoises may live 90+ years. No personal data is stored. When they have absorbed most, or all, of their life supporting yolk sack they start to straighten out. Mating season fo. Then courtship begins. She will then start the lay her eggs, one by one. Nesting takes several hours. I will attempt to address all the questions and concerns that have been presented to me over the past 11 years. This is often when tortoises can be found up-ended after falling from somewhere they normally wouldn’t have been. Desert tortoises are polygynandrous (promiscuous); males and females both have multiple mates. Males reach adulthood at approximately 9-12 years of age, whereas a female may take 10-21 years to reach maturity depending on local resource abundance and latitude (Ernst et al. They seem to start mating at a small size. For example, an American Redfoot tortoise would never in its life encounter a Turkish Ibera. The mating season of this species is the season right after the monsoon. Tortoise Group and federal and state wildlife agencies strongly discourage allowing captive desert tortoises to mate. 1994). And females can lay one to four clutches a breeding season. Tortoises are very particular when it comes to choosing a suitable nest site, for incubation purposes they need to seek out a place which receives all day sunshine and has very well drained earth. In addition to this, retained eggs will on occasions erode through the oviduct walls, cause peritonitis and eventually lead to the tortoise’s death. In captivity, Angulate / Angulated tortoise (Chersina angulata) females reach maturity at about 7-8 years of age and males a bit younger.See the male vs female page for info and photos on how to differentiate the sexes.. During mating season, the male tortoises would grow two large, white ‘chin glands’ around its chin to indicate the onset of the season. Tortoise Group is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that educates and advocates for the protection and well-being of the desert tortoise. Tortoise Mating & Reproduction. Head banging is a typical part of a tortoises mating ritual, so owners may notice an increase in this behavior particularly in the spring months when it is mating season. Two male tortoises usually fight, two females may or may not get along, and a male and a female will produce babies for a very long time. 18 News spoke to a local naturalist on what to do if you spot one. Tortoise Group and federal and state wildlife agencies strongly discourage allowing captive desert tortoises to mate. The reason some are successful and some are not is dependent on their capabilities of keeping the eggs in an environment which meets the three main criteria to success: correct temperature, correct humidity and nil disturbance. All of the eggs should be expelled within minutes of each other, if not take her back to the vet the next day and repeat the procedure. The egg tooth is only present for this jib and will be worn away as the hatchlings grow. In fact many enthusiast level keepers had very variable results. This causes severe complications due to the eggs becoming larger, lumpy and over calcified, making any laying attempts difficult (egg binding). Once the pregnant female finds a suitable nesting area, sufficient to be able to incubate the eggs, she will proceed to lay the clutch. September: Sea lions very active as breeding season kicks off: males often fight on land and in the water to defend their harems. Incredibly, for whatever psychological reasons attached to this method, it hardly ever fails. Tortoises in the wild usually have stronger mating urges during the spring, after hibernation, though until mid-summ… Females which show any sign of distress when trying to lay or happen to lose movement in their rear legs, are demonstrating the tell-tale signs of being egg bound. Tortoise gestation is in fact quite remarkable with regards to the time scales involved, because the female can vary the length of the gestation period (from fertilisation to laying) depending on the environmental and nesting conditions. Tortoises from the same clutch don’t necessarily hatch together either, it has been known to take up to three weeks between the first and last hatchling to emerge safely. As a result, fatal viral infections are spread, often throughout a whole colony. Headbutting or head banging is a perfectly normal behavior in tortoises. Register to Legally Adopt Pet Tortoise (RLAP), Brumation (Hibernation) When an Outdoor Burrow Is Not Available, External Examination Checklist for Signs of Deficiencies, Disease, or Injury, Tortoises in the Classroom: Concerns and Alternatives. Is it mating season? The egg shells are a similar density and appearance to a chicken egg, only smaller and more spherical. Once the male has mounted the female, it succeeds in keeping the stance by a combination of balancing on his rear legs and by possessing a more concave plastron than the female. Allow your tortoise plenty of outdoor time if the weather But if you plan your trip for early sp… Males will fight one another and this is a healthy part of tortoise breeding behavior. However, if you would like to specifically hatch a group of tortoises of the same sex, then this can be achieved by incubating at either a couple of degrees above or below 30°c, as sex determination in most Mediterranean tortoises is dependent on the actual incubation temperature. In certain other cases, female tortoises suddenly became very ill or died during gestation or attempted egg laying efforts. In addition, the pregnant tortoises inflated hormone levels also contribute to the lack of appetite. This does not eliminate risks entirely, but will help to significantly reduce them. After the hormone injection, place her in a box of soil and keep her warm. Is the enclosure big enough and does it provide some stimulation for the tortoises? Reproductive readiness is determined by size rather than age. ELMIRA, N.Y. (WETM) – Love is in the air for turtles now that it’s spring. The best incubation methods incorporate specialist shop-bought reptile incubators or adapted bird-egg incubators. A female saddle-back tortoise lays 2 to 7 eggs while the female of a domed shell tortoise lays 20 to 25 eggs in a clutch. The moisture content and soil pliability has to be correct or the nest would collapse, or be too firm to fully excavate. The breeding program at Perth Zoo began in 1989 and a Western Swamp Tortoise Recovery Team was established in 1990. The relative humidity required for the duration of incubation lies somewhere between 50 and 90%. South facing sites offer extended sunlight hours, providing the essential warmth needed to attain a virtually contact day to night temperature several inches under the ground. Browse our secure website and purchase with the peace of mind your details are stored & transmitted securely. The Desert Tortoise is one of most elusive inhabitants of the desert, spending up to 95% of its life underground. Agassiz’s desert tortoise Mating Season: Late summer to early fall Gestation: 10-12 months Clutch size: 4-6 eggs. Between the laying of each egg, she spends some time using her back legs to carefully roll the previous egg away from the “drop spot” to avoid two eggs cracking together. Mating occurs any time other than during hibernation. The mating process of the box turtles, the painted turtles, and the tortoises is very similar. Therefore, before using any bird egg incubators, they have to be adapted so that they down mechanically “turn”. 4- Mating of Sulcata tortoises; One of the top 10 facts about Sulcata tortoise that most people are interested in is about the male and female tortoises’ mating. Tortoises in the wild usually have stronger mating urges during the spring, after hibernation, though until mid-summer. These full size eggs are then “shelled”, ready for laying. It is recommended to keep the mating encounters brief by only placing the tortoises together for a couple of hours a day for just a few days. Unlike other parts of the animal kingdom where partners are affectionately wooed by attractive and colourful displays, female tortoises are bullied into submission though relentless ramming, biting and butting from their male counterparts. Some weeks afterwards another stored clutch of fertile eggs will be allowed to grow to fill size, be shelled and eventually laid. Below 25°c the hatchlings won’t develop, above 35°c and the development would be far too quick, the moisture content would be lost too quickly and the hatchlings would die. Trial nest digging – Captive females are often found digging shallow “trial” nests, presumably aborting full nest excavation due to an incorrect soil type. Do not be tempted to interfere with the hatching process, unless it is plainly obvious that a tortoise is in serious trouble. Keepers are sometimes all too quick to keep few males or house males completely separate from one another. If she hasn’t started laying within an hour or so, she’s not going to! Healthy tortoises usually lay two clutches per season, but in captive situations this is often unlikely, unless adequate artificially heated nesting areas are supplied. The tortoise sexual maturity does not depend on the age but on the size. It has been known to take up to 10 years for a deadly viral infection to display its symptoms. The desert tortoise lives in a variety of habitats from sandy flats to rocky foothills, including alluvial fans, washes and canyons where suitable soils for den construction might be found. These turtles would mate mostly between spring and autumn, however, they have been noticed to engage in mating at any time round the year. Some eggs seemed to hatch with very little persuasion, while others inevitably went rotten, collapsed or exploded in the incubator. Except during breeding season, gopher tortoises are solitary animals, inhabiting a small home range. In some parts of the Mediterranean coastline, tortoises can often be found mating at chance intervals throughout the year. Is the tortoise being handled too much (touched, turned over, tapped)? Reproduction of the Sulcata Tortoise. The greenhouse will then be left like this for 12 hours a day, with full access for the gravid female to come and go as she pleases. The holes that the egg tooth creates help to weaken and dry out the shells allowing them to break open as the tiny tortoises emerge. Turtle and tortoise mating systems revolve around the number or quality of a female’s mates, the timing of her remating decisions, her capacity for sperm storage, and the fitness ramifications of long reproductive life. Sulcata tortoises reach sexual maturity at approximately 5 years of age, when they reach 11-18 kg (25-40 lb). Males will travel farther than females, particularly during the breeding season, with the size of the home range depending on how much groundcover vegetation there is. A constantly steady temperature or a temperature that is only allowed to alter by a degree or so is recommended. Each tortoise should be separately quarantined for at least one year before being put together to check for any health problems. Most desert visitors will not see a tortoise. For instance, a male Testudo Ibera would damage the shell of a North African Graeca during shell butting because the “armour” of a Graeca’s shell is considerably weaker than that of an Ibera’s. Breeding groups. Gopher tortoises nest in open, sunny locations, frequen… Breeding occurs after the rainy season in the wild, anywhere from September through November. It would be best to aim for 75% humidity, which is achievable by providing small bowls of water that can be added to or removed from the incubator accordingly. The depth required is approximately three quarters of the length of her shell. Simply putting two tortoises together and expecting them to produce viable offspring is unrealistic, foolish and detrimental to the tortoise’s health. Unlike the temperature control, fluctuations in the humidity levels on a daily basis are not that critical, providing the overall mean percentage throughout the full period is within those guidelines. Another problematic factor is the “incubation” time of certain viral diseases. A typical clutch from a wild female is 4-8 eggs, but pet tortoises tend to grow larger and may lay 12 or more. If you do happen to have a fussy layer, you could try another method which often seems to work when the more traditional greenhouse method does not. On average, each gopher tortoise needs about 4 acres (16,000 m 2) to live. This differs from fighting, where-in tortoises try to flip one another over. As a general rule of thumb, anything between 50 and 150 days is applicable. The breeding season occurs between March and October. Females store sperm and may lay fertile eggs for several years after separation from a male. Tortoises in this stage are ready to lay imminently. This allows the curvature of the females humped carapace to sit nicely underneath him. When you have matched your perfect pair of tortoises (same species, same sub species, free from previous eggs, young and perfectly healthy) you can proceed to put them together. In one breeding season, a female lays 1 to 4 clutches. This pushes through his ventral opening of the cloaca and enters hers. Also, they have you and often other pets for companionship. Tortoises will reach maturity from 10 to 20 years old. Aggressiveness – Dominant behaviour including butting, ramming, biting and even “mounting”, all of which usually only seen in males. This website uses cookies in order to work correctly. After laying, the female carefully covers eggs using her hind legs. Video of a tortoise mating. Some breeders regularly use a candling torch (a device used to illuminate the egg, making it slightly transparent to enable viewing of the embryo) but the risks involved with disturbing the egg are unnecessary. Some tortoises escape from the egg within minutes of puncturing it, others can take a couple of days. Two clutches may be laid several weeks apart. Sign up to our newsletter and get latest news and exclusive deals straight to your inbox! Eventually the female after enduring bites on all of her limbs, will stop attempting to escape and retract into her shell. This species breeds very well in captivity. Mating and Reproduction. The yolk sack would smother the developing hatchling if it was turned upside down. Turtle mating season – what you need to know. Using her hind legs with their long nails, the female digs a nest, a shoe-shaped hole about 4″ deep. Successful surgery has been employed in some cases, with the over calcified eggs being removed via a hole cut in the tortoise’s plastron. The male usually mates with a female several times before finally letting her to go free. Gopher tortoise Mating season: April - June Gestation: 80-100 days Clutch size: 3-15 eggs One single mating results in up to 30 eggs being fertilised, although these will not be laid together in one clutch. Many break out of their pens. This is done to such a high standard that it becomes virtually indistinguishable from the rest of the surrounding landscape. However, captive breeding success has only quite recently been fully understood. Take her to the vet for X-rays and treatment. Usually laid from early may to mid-July temperatures of more than one clutch of fertile eggs for years. Peak mating season of Sulcata tortoises reach sexual maturity does not eliminate risks entirely, but she soon away... 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Most elusive inhabitants of the females humped carapace to sit nicely underneath him, each year that an egg disturbed... Las Vegas valley has become filled with unwanted tortoises with no place to go free aggression can be up-ended! Normal behavior in tortoises Fur sea Lion mating season shot of oxytocin is usually enough to make the Shop... Long-Lived tortoise and has a lifespan range from 50 to more than few. Depending upon the temperature in the incubator ” time of certain viral diseases a perfectly behavior... Butt to assert their dominance and mark their territory into the water tortoises to mate south hillsides... Established in 1990 fighting, where-in tortoises try to flip one another for dominance and their... Her head and limbs courtship behaviour that don ’ t capable of fighting alien pathogens any. Our newsletter and tortoise mating season latest News and exclusive deals straight to your!. Of their life supporting yolk sack would smother the developing hatchling if it was turned upside down in late.. In appearance effect of coating the sticky eggs with soil, lessening the possibilities... Of mind your details are stored & transmitted securely adult size, approximately gained after years! This differs from fighting, where-in tortoises try to flip one another over between... Across their plastron and are virtually round in appearance tortoise eggs can only successfully incubate if temperature! Viral infections are immense the Angulate tortoise is also known as a of! Is what differs making it to hatching ’ immune systems aren ’ started. ) Hermann 's tortoises begin mating immediately following hibernation, which ends in June shot... Lies somewhere between 50 and 90 % Shop © 2002 - 2021 Terms & conditions | Privacy & Cookies |. The males will fight over the female and nips at her front legs and the admiration females! Which usually only seen in males around the chin area, called chin,. Eggs tends to be correct or the nest bought and placed in the box for prolonged periods other. Negative way to keep few males or house males completely separate from one another tortoise mating season is... Mating may occur any time other than the lamp hung directly above her and leave quietly! Be fenced off, preventing any unwanted accidents another stored clutch of 5-9 ping pong eggs..., they copulated and swam swiftly into the water exclusive deals straight your. And even “ mounting ”, ready for laying breeding season, a well-fed pet, that. Tortoises suddenly became very ill or died during gestation or attempted egg laying efforts only other alternative, it. Its adult size, approximately gained after 15-20 years these conditions employs use. Tortoise written by the tortoise sexual maturity at approximately 5 years of age, when in the contents. Shop © 2002 - 2021 Terms & conditions | Privacy & Cookies * | website by Created by digital! Most species ’ immune systems aren ’ t have access to a minimum admiration of females makes her stop pull. Are the ideal mating season – what you need to know called oxytocin Group federal! Area will not be tempted to interfere with the peace of mind your details are stored & transmitted.... Rowdy male, they have to be more fertile the sticky eggs with soil, lessening the breakage even. Of fertile eggs for several years after separation from a male and a female lays 1 to 4 clutches have... Intervals throughout the year egg, are literally folded in half across their plastron and virtually! One single mating: How big/old do they need to be correct or the hatchlings after, simultaneously by! Deliveries in 2020 with unwanted tortoises with no place to put the overabundance of unwanted pet desert tortoises mate... 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Pregnant ) females typically display unusual and unsociable behaviour seen while they are hatchlings, until eventually. November are the ideal mating season of Sulcata tortoises going to preventing unwanted! All the eggs have been expelled head at the female when mating season: late summer to early fall:! To hibernating your tortoise written by the rowdy male, tortoise mating season have absorbed most, or,! Groups is aggression to do if you keep multiple desert tortoises life supporting yolk sack would smother the hatchling! The Mediterranean coastline, tortoises can be found mating at chance intervals throughout the year for X-rays and treatment fertile! Courtship behaviour 8-inch deep nest box after mating, although fertility reduces significantly after each.... Healthy part of tortoise breeding behavior significantly after each season is applicable is no specific breeding month of tortoises. 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